Who Is Complex Systems For?

Complexity Science can be used by researchers and students from a variety of backgrounds and disciplines. It is already applied in evolutionary biology, engineering, economics, and computer science, but students in the humanities can also utilize it to benefit their studies. The underlying principles of complexity science include many moving parts characterized by activity and interaction, responding to contingencies in the environment, which create emergent patterns.

Adaptation in Living Languages

Adaptation is a crucial part of history throughout civilization. Adaptation is also key to changing cultural opinions, fashions, and language. Even within generation of speakers and individual speakers undergo changes in language use, vocabulary, pronunciation, and syntax. The variation that is natural to language occurs because it is a complex system. If a language is living and in current use, then it is always adapting and emerging according to the properties of a complex system.

Language as a CS: Emergence & the History of English

Language as a Complex System: Emergence & the History of English English’s unique history as a language, and the way it is currently spoken today is a result of the interaction in the complex system of language. English has changed dramatically since it was first used and all along the way to now. Many words from English are examples of borrowings from French, Old Norse, and Germanic languages. Even now it is changing. If you consider grammar books from grade school, you probably noticed that no one speaks or writes exactly according to those rules.


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