Complex systems are all characterized by the involvement of many components
A complex system is characterized by the involvement of many different components, all of which depend on the system. The components within give way to complex behavior, and this behavior cannot be exactly predicted. The system depicted above is of the many elements involved in the spread of information through the internet, which is also a complex system. Another example includes linguistic behavior which gives way to certain patterns, but without any people using specific instances of language, the language itself becomes obsolete.